Top 3 temples should to visit in Siemreap

Siem Reap is made up of small villages along the Siem Reap River. These villages have been developed in their original form, surrounded by pagodas. These pagodas are located along the river, from Wat Indochina in the north and Wat Phnom Krom in the south, at the confluence of the Siem Reap River and the Tonle Sap Lake. The center of the city refers to Sivatha Street, the Old Market and the Angkor Night Market, where old colonial buildings, shops and commercial areas stand gracefully welcoming national and international visitors.​ By the way Some visitors travel to Siem Reap have less time and want to see the temples that are special in Siem Reap, so please introduce you 3 interesting temples

1.  Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat is the largest religious monument in the world with large stones resembling the stones of the pyramids of Egypt. Unlike other temple stones, Angkor faces west and has a 12th-century Hindu style. The top of the temple has the same proportions as the image on the Cambodian flag.

Angkor Wat was initiated by King Suryavarman II and took about 30 years to build. The temple is believed to be the temple for the king’s ceremonies and was ruled by Buddhism.

Angkor Wat is 65 meters high, with an area of ​​about 200 hectares, rectangular in shape, defined by a wall and a moat 200 meters wide. The perimeter of the wall is about 5.5 km long. The sandstone entrance is 250 meters long and 12 meters wide. Due to its large size and magnificent architecture, some people think that Angkor Wat is not the work of man, but the work of a deity.

In front of the entrance were large stone lions standing guard on either side of the road. At the end of the entrance, there are three gopuras of different heights, and the upper tower has collapsed. At the gopura, there is a gallery with a wooden top. After the gopura, there is a road 350 meters long and 9 meters wide, made of sandstone and dragon handrails on either side.

According to researchers, Angkor temple employs more than 300,000 people and more than 6,000 elephants and consumes a total of more than 10 million tons of rock in size, and the symmetry reaches the top, which is believed to be the temple. The world’s largest religion.
Angkor Wat is the top architecture in the world.
* Features of Angkor Wat are
-A temple that unites all the peninsulas.
-Every day on March 21, the sun rises and sets in the middle of the top of Angkor Wat, which divides the night and day equally (equinox)
-All the axes of the tower of the temple are formed by a circle representing the constellation of Draco, a galaxy that is about 2 million light-years old.
-Angkor Wat has three consecutive axes compared to the surface of the baray (the eastern baray is now dry). The three axes resemble the satellite launched today.
-The foundation of the temple is made of sand, which depends entirely on the currents of Phnom Kulen.
-Angkor Wat is located on the 7th axis of the latitude of the earth, which overlaps with the Egyptian pyramids, the Jiza pyramids of Mexico, and the last with the Chilean prehistoric human statues.
-This temple has a special feature is to change the color from bronze to silver from silver to gold at a regular time in the morning, afternoon and afternoon.
-Researchers also say that Angkor Wat has intellectual, architectural and cultural value.
-Angkor Wat is the most accurately calculated and constructed architecture in the world.
Researchers are still questioning the great temples in the world.

2. Ta Prohm

Take a look at the large trees that grow on the roof of the tent, and some of the roots stick to the rock, while others hug the trunk, which looks like an elephant trunk or like a snake crawling.

Ta Prohm is built on a rectangular area 1,000 meters long from west to east, 670 meters wide from north to south and covers an area of ​​67 hectares, covering the outer walls and surrounded by five-story walls and towers. Top 39 in total.

It should also be noted that Ta Prohm was built in the middle of the 12th, early 13th century, 1186 AD, laterite and sandstone during the reign of Jayavarman VII to dedicate to Mahayana Buddhism. Previously, this temple was both a temple and a university called the Royal Temple. Jayavarman VII erected statues of the emperor, his mother, representing Prach Barami, as well as 260 statues of kings, teachers and other figures.

The four gopuras of the outer wall are surrounded by laterite walls, and the tower (top) has four Brahma faces in all four directions. An inscription measuring 0.60 m by 0.60 m by 2.40 m was inscribed on all four corners, with 73 lines per corner, translated in 1906. That Jayavarman VII ordered the carving of this inscription, which means: Ta Prohm is a place of consciousness for Preah Ratanatray, Buddha, Dharma, Sangha, Bodhisattva, Avalokitesvara, and He fought a victorious war and told about The temples he built.

According to the inscription, Ta Prohm has 3,140 villages and 12,640 people, including:
– 18 inspectors
– 1940 Chairman of the Board
– A total of 2232 servants
– Dance Girl 615

The accessories for use in the temple include:
– 5 ton gold plate
– Silver plate, similar weight
– There are 35 diamonds
– There is a large wall in China 965
– Bed made by Prey 512
– Tank 523
– 102 hospitals
As for all kinds of food such as Angkor, milk, sugar, oil and other nuts used in daily sacrifice in the festival, there is milk, honey, sesame oil, wax, nutmeg, carb, etc.
3. Bayon Temple

Bayon (within Angkor Thom, 1500 meters from the south gate) is an extraordinary temple located at the geographical center of the city of Angkor. The main temple has a large central dome surrounded by smaller towers decorated with faces and detailed ornaments. It was built about 100 years after Angkor Wat under Jayavarman VII (reigned 1181-1219). The entry tower of the Bayon is from the east.

The Bayon temple is built of sandstone blocks with twin corridors and a number of towers. The central tower is 45-meters-high and features sculptured faces on all four sides. Describing a visit to Bayon in 1912, the French novelist Pierre Loti wrote, “I looked up at those all those towers, rising above men overgrown in the greenery and suddenly shivered with fear as I saw a giant frozen smile looming down at me .. .and then another smile, over there in another tower … and then three, and then five, and then ten. ” In Angkor the Magnificent. The Wonder City of Ancient Cambodia (1925), H. Churhill Candee wrote, “We stand before [the Bayon] stunned. It is like nothing else I the land. ”

The Bayon vies with Angkor Wat as the favorite monument of visitors at Angkor. The two evoke similar aesthetic responses yet are different in purpose, design, architecture and decoration. The dense jungle surrounding the Bayon camouflaged its position in relation to other structures at Angkor so it was not known for some time that the Bayon stands in the exact center of the city of Angkor Thom. Even after this was known, the Bayon was erroneously connected with the city of Yasovarman I and thus dated to the ninth century. A pediment found in 1925 depicting an Avalokitesvara identified the Bayon as a Buddhist temple.

This discovery moved the date of the monument ahead some 300 years to the late twelfth century. Even though the date is firmly implanted and supported by archaeological evidence, the Bayon remains one of the most enigmatic temples of the Angkor group. Its symbolism, original form and subsequent changes and constructions have not yet been untangled.

The Bayon was built nearly 100 years after Angkor Wat. The basic structure and earliest part of the temple are unknown. Since it was located at the center of a royal city it seems possible that the Bayon would have originally been a temple-mountain conforming to the symbolism of a microcosm of Mount Meru. The middle part of the temple was extended during the second phase of building. The Bayon of today belongs to the third and last phase of the art style.

The quality of construction at Bayon is shoddy compared to Angkor Wat, an indication that the Khmer empire was clearly on the wan. Unlike Angkor Wat, which is in remarkably good condition, Bayon sags and lurches and the stones are coming apart. Jayavarman VII was also the most prolific builder of the Khmer kings. He appears to have spread himself too thin. The vast amount of resources spent on temples may have contributed to the Angkor’s decline.

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