Summary of Angkor Wat in Siem Reap

What is Angkor Wat?
The modern name Angkor Wat means pagoda city in Khmer, Angkor means city or capital, a pragmatic form of the word kingdom derived from the Sanskrit word nagara (नगर). Wat is a Khmer word for an earthly temple derived from the Pali word “vatta” (वत्त). Prior to this, the temple was known as Vishnu (Parama Vishnuloka in Sanskrit) after the late title of the founder of the temple.

Angkor Wat combines two basic schemes of Khmer temple architecture: Prasat Phnom and Prasat with the latest galleries, based on the original Travidan architecture, including features such as Chakti. The temple is designed to represent Mount Sumeru, the abode of the devas in Brahmanical mythology: in a farm or moat around about 16 km, while the actual farm of the temple is 1500m long x 1300m wide on 200m road The main entrance from the west to the central temple is 250 m long, the highest central peak of the kingdom is 65 m high and the outer wall is 3.6 km (2.2 mi) long. There are three corners where each gallery rises to the adjoining gallery. In the center of the temple stands a rectangular row of towers. Unlike most temples in Angkor, Angkor Wat faces west, and scholars have argued that it was the centerpiece of the temple. The temple is admired for its grandeur and splendor of its architecture, its elongated bas-reliefs, and by the angels adorning its walls.

What’s Meaning of Angkor and Wat?
The word Angkor, according to the dictionary of Pov-Savors Angkor, comes from the Sanskrit word Nokor, meaning the capital of an empire. As for the word pagoda, it is where the monks live. In short, Angkor Wat means a city with Buddhist pagodas. According to the dictionary, it comes from Nokor Wat, the name of an ancient temple in Siem Reap, a magnificent temple with unique beauty (called Angkor Wat). The word kingdom is often pronounced as Angkor, so, such as police, kingdom Borey, kingdom Yom Reach, pagoda pagoda became Angkor, Angkor Borey, Angkor Chom Reach, Angkor Wat and so on.
Angkor Wat was originally named “Boram Vishnu Lok”. The evolution of the name Angkor Wat can be traced back to history. Inscriptions from the 16th century indicate that the name of the temple of Angkor Wat was Preah Maha Nokor Indraprasat Preah Pisnu Lok. The word Indraprastha means “city of Indra”. The other part in the 17th century was called “Indapatta Phean Nokor Srey Sotherav Pisnulok”. According to the Chuon-Nath dictionary, the word Indrapat or Indraprastha has the following explanation: The name of a city in ancient India in the place of present-day Telhi? . The Khmer people of the Great Kingdom (Nokor Thom) use this word as a special name or honor of the Great Kingdom, often used in the royal family Race or His Majesty the King said that His Majesty the King, His Majesty the King of Cambodia, the President of Srey Indraprath Borey Roth, the capital … (Use the word This is about Preah Khan Reach, which has a legend that Indra gave it as a special prestige for Cambodia. State?).
The name Angkor Wat is a common name for this monument. For Cambodians, especially those living in Siem Reap, it is common to call a common name Angkor Thoch. However, writers all over the world have set a common name for Angkor Wat to this day.

Where is Angkor Wat? And Who Built This Temple?
Angkor Wat is located in Siem Reap province of cambodia, the northern part of Siem Reap city, in Siem Reap district, 7 km from the provincial town on Comay or Charles de Gaulle Street. It is the largest collection of Hindu temples and monuments in the world. The temple was built by Suryavarman II, a great masterpiece and famous all over the world. Built in the early 12th century at Yasodharapura (modern-day Angkor), the Khmer Empire was a representative temple and his last tomb. Deviating from the Shiva tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat instead dedicated to Vishnu. The best surviving temple at the site, it is the only one that has left an important religious center since its foundation – first Brahmanism, worship of Vishnu, then Buddhism. This temple is in the highest classical style of Khmer architecture. It has become a symbol of Cambodia, featuring the country’s flag as a symbol of the Khmer nation, and it is also a major tourist attraction of this country.

Could you tell me history of Angkor Wat?
Angkor Wat was built in the early 12th century by King Suryavarman II (some: Sorya Varman II) (1113-1150) to dedicate to Vishnu in Brahmanism. This temple is beautiful and shows great Khmer art to the top.
According to George Cedes, Angkor Wat represents the world. The central tower represents Mount Sumeru in the center of the world. The five towers represent the summit of Mount Sumeru, the edge of the earth, and the moat surrounding the temple is the surrounding sea. Angkor Wat was originally named Boram Vishnu Lok. But the evolution of the name Angkor Wat can be traced back to history. The first traces date back to the 16th century. In fact, the temple has become a famous Buddhist site. According to 16th-century inscriptions, the name of the temple of Angkor Wat was Preah Mohanakor Indraprat Preah Pisnu Lok (Indraprat in Sanskrit and became Pali Indrapat, signifying the transition from Brahmanism to Hinayana) Indraprat means the city of Indra. In Hinduism it is believed that Indra has a place on earth. This word is a place of worship. North Borey. The name Pisnu Lok is to commemorate the death of the king who built this temple, Boram Vishnu, while Srey Sothor is a call to commemorate the old city of Angkor. Srey Yasodharapura.) And another part in the 17th century called Indrapatmaphanakor Srey Sotherav Pisnulok. The name Angkor Wat is a common name for this monument. For the Khmer people, especially the people of Siem Reap, often called a common name is Angkor Toch. However, all European writers set a common name, Angkor Wat.

Angkor Wat was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992. Angkor Wat was rediscovered by French naturalist Henri Mouhot in 1860.

Angkor Wat extends 5.5 kilometers (3.4 miles) north of the modern town of Siem Reap and a short distance south and slightly east of the former capital, located in Baphuon. It is an area of ​​Cambodia with a significant group of construction structures. Located at the southern end of the main stations of Angkor.
The original design and construction of the temple took place in the first half of the 12th century during the reign of Suryavarman II (reigned 1113-11150). Dedicated to Vishnu, it was built as a temple representing the king and the capital city. No inscriptions, constructions, or contemporary inscriptions confirming the temple have been found, the original name of the temple is not known, but it may be known as Vishnu. The sacred Khmer Vishnu, ancient Khmer, Sanskrit “) after the deity. The process seems to have ended shortly after the death of the king, leaving some of the bas-reliefs unfinished. 1177 About 27 years after the death of Suryavarman II, Angkor is looted and destroyed by the Cham, a traditional Khmer enemy. The empire was later restored by the new king Jayavarman VII, who established the capital. New and representative temples (Angkor Thom and Bayon, respectively) a few kilometers to the north.
At the end of the 13th century, Angkor Wat gradually shifted from the use of Brahmanism to Theravada Buddhism, which continues to the present day. Angkor Wat is unusual among Angkorian temples in that, although it is something that was abandoned after the 16th century, this temple has never been completely abandoned. The fact that its moat also provides some protection from overgrown forests.

One of the Western tourists to the temple was the Antonio-da-Madeleina, a Portuguese priest who visited in 1586 and said it was like an unusual structure that could not be described with a pen. Especially since there seems to be no other building like in the world. It has many towers and decorations, and all the refinements that human genius could have imagined. In the middle of the 19th century, the temple was visited by the French naturalist and explorer Henri-Muhot, who publicized the station in the west through the publication of travel records in his writings. :
“One of these temples – a rival to Solomon’s and built by Michelle Angelo – joins a place of honor next to our most beautiful structure. It is larger than any other structure left. Leave us with the Greeks or the Romans and show the sad opposite of the state of civilization in which this nation is now submerged.

Muhut, like the early Western tourists, thought it was hard to believe that the Khmers could have built the temple and mistakenly dated it to the same period as Rome. The true history of Angkor Wat has been broken down together by only the style and developmental evidence collected during the subsequent clean-up and restoration work continued throughout the entire Angkor site. No houses or houses or signs of normal settlement, along with cooking utensils, weapons or objects of decoration, are usually found at ancient sites. Instead, there is evidence of the monuments themselves.

The temple is a powerful symbol of Cambodia and a source of great national pride that has been a factor in Cambodia’s diplomatic relations with France, the United States and its neighbors Thailand. Paintings of Angkor Wat have been part of the Cambodian flag since the introduction of the first version around 1863. [13] Due to the larger historical perspective and further cultural evolution, however, Angkor Wat This not only became a symbol of national pride, but was also incorporated into the political-cultural process of French-colonial heritage production, in which the site of the original temple was exhibited in the French and global colonial exhibitions. In Paris and Macau between 1889 and 1937.
The glorious artistic heritage of Angkor Wat and other Khmer monuments in the Angkor area led the French directly to accept Cambodia as a protectorate on 11 August 1863 and invade Siam to control the ruins. This led to Cambodia immediately reclaiming territories in the northwest corner of the country under Thai (Thai) rule since 1351 AD (Manich-Chumsai 2001) or For some reason, 1431 AD, Cambodia gained independence from France on November 9, 1953 and has ruled Angkor Wat ever since.
During the middle of the Vietnam War, Head of State Norodom Sihanouk received Jacqueline-Kundy in Cambodia to fulfill her lifelong dream of visiting Angkor Wat.
The January 2003 riots erupted in Phnom Penh as rumors circulated that the Thai actress claimed Angkor Wat belonged to Thailand.

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